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BigTex

NVG 149 Transfer case info

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I posted this in the other thread, but it might be helpful to have its own thread for future reference:

 

BTW - Gm says the viscous coupling is not serviceable. This doesn't mean the transfer case can't be fixed, just the viscous coupling needs to be replaced. This part is #2 in the first picture. So if you did happen to ruin the AWD tcase by doing a dyno, it can be easily fixed.

 

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NVG 149 Transfer Case Description and Operation

 

tc1.gif

 

 

The RPO NP3 is a single speed, single mode transfer case. The mode is full-time all wheel drive. It has a planetary differential gear set that splits the torque, normally 38 percent to the front wheels and 62 percent to the rear wheels.

 

The NVG 149 utilizes magnesium housings. Proper fasteners, brackets, and fill/drain plugs must be used to prevent galvanic corrosion. The planetary differential uses the carrier (6) as the input. The annulus gear (4) connects to the rear output shaft (5) and rear wheels. The sun gear (3) connects to the front output shaft (7) and front wheels through the chain (8) and sprockets. The viscous coupling (2) consists of a sealed housing filled with a high viscosity silicone fluid and thin steel plates alternately splined to the inner and outer drum. The inner drum is connected to the input shaft (1), and the outer drum to the sun gear (3). Whenever there is a speed difference between the front and rear wheels, the inner and outer plates of the viscous coupling spin relative to each other and the silicone fluid provides resistance. The resistance was tuned to be high enough to bias power quickly to the wheels with traction, and low enough to prevent binding in a tight turn on dry surfaces. This is the most common way the viscous coupling is activated, the shear mode. If the speed difference is high, the coupling can lock or hump. This "hump" occurs when the heat generated, expands the fluid inside the housing, changing the fluid dynamics between the plates. This results in pressure between the plates, forcing them into contact with each other, similar to a clutch pack. In the hump mode, the coupling can bias torque 100 percent to one axle, if required. Situations requiring this are extreme such as backing up a steep gravel grade or climbing over off-road obstacles. The viscous coupling is not serviceable; it must be replaced if defective. This is because each viscous coupling is calibrated for optimum vehicle performance for both the shear and hump modes. If the viscous coupling is in the "hump" mode too long, severe damage will occur. To prevent damage to the viscous coupling, DO NOT:

 

Tow with only two wheels down

Drive without one propshaft

Drive with a "donut" spare tire for an extended period of time

 

Power Flow - No Wheels Slip

 

tc2.gif

 

During normal operation, 100 percent torque is delivered to the input shaft (1) from the transmission. The torque is split to 62 percent to the rear output shaft (2) and 38 percent to the front output shaft (3), by the planetary differential. Because there is not a loss in traction or slip in the front or rear wheels, the viscous coupling is locked in place and there is no "shear" mode or "hump" mode involved.

 

Power Flow - Front Wheels Slip

 

tc3.gif

 

When traction is lost at the front wheels, the viscous coupling works in conjunction with the differential to bias the torque more to the rear wheels. The rear torque goes higher than the 62 percent, and up to 100 percent torque to the rear output shaft (2). The torque at the front output shaft (3) is lowered from the 38 percent, to as low as 0 percent torque.

Power Flow - Rear Wheels Slip

 

tc4.gif

 

When traction is lost at the rear wheels, the torque is biased to the front wheels. The torque to the front output shaft (3) goes higher from the 38 percent, up to 100 percent torque. The torque at the rear output shaft (2) is lowered from the 62 percent, to as low as 0 percent torque.

 

Customers may have concern that the transfer case is not operating properly because one set of tires spun for a brief period. It is normal for one set of tires to spin until the viscous coupling engages.

 

Turning off the traction control switch, if equipped, enhances the function of the viscous coupling. The viscous coupling, as described above, engages by heat. Allowing one set of tires to spin or slip for a brief period will generate heat in the viscous coupling. The engine speed should be kept at a constant speed during the brief spin of the tires. Pulsating the engine speed or hard acceleration will not allow the viscous coupling to operate properly.

 

© Copyright General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

 

Document ID # 873908

2003 Chevrolet/Geo Chevy K Silverado - 4WD

 

 

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Transfer Case Viscous Coupling Test

Tools Required

J 45382 Transfer Case Tester

 

 

tc5.gif

 

 

To determine if the viscous coupling is operating correctly, use the following test procedure. Testing the viscous coupling operation by removing a propeller shaft and driving the vehicle will cause the viscous coupling to fail. The test will determine if the viscous coupling is faulty from a totally locked up failure, or if the viscous coupling fluid has leaked out from being severely humped.

 

 

Important

The Viscous Coupling Test is very sensitive to the temperature of the transfer case. If the transfer case is very hot, the time to turn will be faster. If the transfer case is cold, the time to turn will be slower.

 

 

1. Operate the vehicle for 24 km (15 mi), or until normal operating temperatures are reached.

2. Set the parking brakes for the rear wheels.

3. Position the transmission in NEUTRAL.

4. Raise the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.

5. Remove the front propeller shaft. Refer to Propeller Shaft Replacement - Front in Propeller Shaft.

6. Install the J 45382 into the transfer case front output shaft.

7. Using a torque wrench at 11 N·m (100 lb in) on the J 45382 , turn the front output shaft 90 degrees.

8. Note the length of time it takes to turn the front output shaft the 90 degrees.

* If the front output shaft turns slow, and takes at least 10 seconds, the viscous coupling is operating correctly.

* If the front output shaft will not turn, the viscous coupling or the planetary carrier assembly could be locked-up.

* If the front output shaft turns easily, and the 11 N·m (100 lb in) cannot be obtained, the viscous coupling is faulty.

 

 

© Copyright General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

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Great info Richard! :thumbs::thumbs:

 

btw, i found this funny... "if the viscous coupling fluid has leaked out from being severely humped." :jester:

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Hi I have been experiencing vibration of my vehicle while driving over 40 mph. I have done the viscous coupling test and if the viscous coupling or the planetary carrier assembly is locked up is this possible this can cause the vibration I have been feeling?

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